Definition of Soap per Merriam-Webster:

- a cleansing and emulsifying agent made usually by action of alkali on fat or fatty acids and consisting essentially of sodium or potassium salts of such acids.

Definition of Saponification per Merriam-Webster:

- the hydrolysis of a fat by an alkali with the formation of a soap and glycerol.

Fat + lye (sodium hydroxide or potassium hydroxide) = soap + glycerin

Why is handmade soap superior to commercial soap?

- Many typical store bought commercial soaps are actually detergents, not soap, that include added chemical hardeners and foaming agents.  These ingredients can be too harsh on skin and strip it of its natural moisture barrier.

- Handmade soap retains its glycerin content while commercial soaps remove it.  Glycerin is a humectant, which means it attracts moisture from the surrounding air to moisturize skin. 

- Handmade soap preserves the integrity of the oils, fats, butters and other additives incorporated.  This means vitamins, minerals and skin loving qualities are retained in the final soap product.

- It's art, it's science, it's beautiful, it's fun, it's good for your skin and it supports small business owner's like myself.

- If you haven't used handcrafted soap, try a bar and I'm sure you will love it. 

C&C Soaps ‘N Such soap bars are handcrafted in small batches and cut by hand so each bar is unique!

How long does it take to make handmade soap?

- The time it takes to physically combine and pour the unsaponified soap into your mold can take just a few minutes to hours depending on the complexity of your recipe, ingredients, design and method used.

- Cold process soap takes 48-72 hours to completely saponify.  Once the soap has saponified it is cut and cured for approximately 4-6 weeks where it dries out resulting in a longer lasting bar.  Hot process soap utilizes an external heat source to accelerate saponification within a few hours.  This soap is safe to use as soon as it is cool but it still benefits from curing.  Melt & pour soap is soap that has been saponified and extra glycerin has been added which allows the soap to be easily melted and molded.  This is what some people call lye free soap, which is a lie because soap isn't soap without lye.  However, the user does not come in contact with lye.  This soap is safe to use when cool.

How do I take care of my handmade soap?

- Make sure your handmade soap can dry in between uses by using a vented soap dish or hanging soap net.  Keep it away from streams of water as well as standing water when not in use.

What is that “white stuff” on my soap?

- Soda ash can naturally occur when making handmade soap.  It is not dangerous and will rinse off during the first use.  It causes no harm to the user, but it may decrease the lather at first until it rinses completely off.

How long is the shelf life?

- Handmade soap can have an indefinite shelf life.  Any scent in the soap may fade over time but the bar itself will only get harder and more mild.  In fact, true castile soap (100% olive oil soap) needs to cure for over 6 months to produce the mild lotion-like lather it is cherished for.

Why don’t I “clean” my soap bars before selling them?

- Some handmade soapers choose to plane and trim/bevel their soap, I do not.  Not only do I think it is messy, it is time consuming and can be wasteful.  It doesn’t improve the properties of the soap itself.  I would rather leave the soap for the customer.  Any edges will smooth out during the first use.

Is handmade soap safe for babies & small children?

- Yes, handmade soap itself is safe for babies but some essential oils, fragrance oils or additives may be contraindicated for very small children, pregnant/lactating women or even some people with certain medical disorders.  Newborns (birth-3 months) should never use soap containing essential oils.  As the child gets older more essential oils are considered safe but be aware essential oils have to be properly diluted for their intended use.  I label my essential oil soaps with contraindications on them to promote their safe use. 

Quick note:  Handmade soap does not contain a numbing agent so it is not “tear free”.  Irrigate eyes with clean water if exposure occurs.

Is handmade soap safe for pets?

- Yes, if it is free of essential oils or formulated with essential oils safe for use in pets.  Even essential oils safe for pets require dilution to a safe level, taking their size into consideration.  To be on the safe side it is best to use unscented soap on animals.

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